Re: KX3 VSWR problem (WD4SDC)

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Re: KX3 VSWR problem (WD4SDC)

John R. Lonigro
Steve:

Is it possible your dummy load is not 50 ohms at 6M?  In other words, is
your dummy load designed to work at VHF frequencies? Maybe it's only
designed for HF frequencies.  Just a thought, but it could possibly
explain your problem.

73,

John AA0VE

Jim Rodenkirch wrote

>> I'm not sure I understand......are you saying with the ATU removed the
>> VSWR is 1.2:1 and with it
>>
>> installed but not tuned it's 1.8:1 until the ATU "kicks in and does its
>> job???
>
>
> Hi Jim,
>
> Sorry for the confusion. I'll pull everything into this post to put it in
> the correct context:
>
> Problem:
> 6M band -> VSWR 1.8:1 (KX3 meter) on 50ohm load connected directly to ant
> connector (no cable).
> ATU - bypass mode
> Load verified good.
> All other bands good.
> ATU will match to 1:1 if enabled and tune requested.
> After ATU match, 25ohm load yields 2:1 (KX3 VSWR meter test - OK).
>
> So the issue was that the ATU in bypass mode on 6M into good load gives a
> 1.8:1 VSWR.
>
> Working with Elecraft support, I removed the ATU board to check VSWR w/o the
> ATU in the line.  That checked good 1.2:1. The ATU in bypass mode on 6M does
> not quite function as a 50 ohm transmission line.  For my particular unit,
> it was higher than expected.  1.4:1 is considered OK.  If the ATU is enabled
> and tune is engaged, it has no problem matching the output stage to the load
> and delivering rated power. So, operationally not really an issue. Just
> leave the ATU enabled and tuned.
>
> The reason for going into bypass mode was to perform a TX gain cal
> procedure, which specifies the ATU must be set to bypass. I used the KX3
> utility to do this and it sets the ATU to bypass and steps thru each band.
> When it got to 6M, it failed - probably because the foldback circuit was
> kicking in @ 1.8:1 and/or the output stage can't deliver the 6 watts need to
> complete the cal into that mismatch.  Doing the cal manually with the ATU on
> and matched for 6M band works fine.
>
> Hopefully, this provides a more useful note for anyone else that may have a
> similar issue.
>
> Trying to contribute back to the list - as I have learned a lot using this
> resource.
>
> Steve
> WD4SDC
>
>
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Re: KX3 VSWR problem (WD4SDC)

WD4SDC
Hi John,

Resonable question.  The load was a Narda type N 20W dry load good from DC - 12GHz - borrowed from work;)  And I did test it just to make sure someone else did not "abuse" it (bench test equipment). Also tested the N->BNC adapter.

Trust, but verify your test equipment....good advice.
73,
Steve.

<quote author="John R. Lonigro">
Steve:

Is it possible your dummy load is not 50 ohms at 6M?  In other words, is
your dummy load designed to work at VHF frequencies? Maybe it's only
designed for HF frequencies.  Just a thought, but it could possibly
explain your problem.

73,

John AA0VE